Conceptually, in time past the center and emphasis of concerns existed was portrayed on disease-oriented health care system but now the health care reform is shifting the focus from a disease-oriented health care system toward wellness and prevention. Probably owing to the immense number of people living with a chronic disease about 75% of the nation’s total health care consumption resulted from caring for individuals with chronic diseases (National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (NAIFA), 2013). Protracted and chronic disease not merely affects health and quality of life, but it is also the main domain of health care and consequently ensuing in accumulative health insurance costs (NAIFA, 2013).
The health care reform shifting regarding wellness and prevention is to keep health insurance affordable. While chronic diseases have been establishing to raise the cost of healthcare, the prevention of chronic disease will invariably help and support lower health care cost. The hallmark objective is to facelift and basically educate the public to optimistically and absolutely prevent chronic diseases. The reform has acknowledged and identified three risk dynamics that are related with the development of chronic diseases: poor diet, inactivity, and smoking (NAIFA, 2013). Education programs with sound lifestyle modification on disease prevention, such as proper dietary, exercise and healthier lifestyles will encourage and inspire sound health and longevity, therefore plummeting and reducing the financial encumbrance on the healthcare delivery system (NAIFA, 2013).
Nursing care presumptively fits into this transference regarding wellness and prevention because health and wellness education have generally and historically been a fundamental and integral propensity or element of nursing practice (Luck, 2013). Nurses possess and retain the indispensable tools to fashion and create health education programs that encircle the nations renewed attention and motivation on wellness and prevention. However, the nursing profession is centralized on offering and providing individualize holistic care. Providing care to the individualize care is essential and imperative as nurses teach prevention and wellness strategies to keep their healthy patients wholesome. Furthermore, nurses are obligate to dynamically partner with physicians to promote the value of an integrative standard and model of health and wellness (Luck, 2013).
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