Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements
The essay title is:
“Should the Chagos Islands be a marine reserve or should they be re-settled?”
You must follow the style below as part of the assessment criteria. You will lose marks if you do not follow these guidelines when preparing your coursework.
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Primary and secondary sources
• Distinguish clearly between primary sources (the original source of the law, e.g., a case) and secondary sources (a commentary or explanation of the law, e.g., a book).
• To avoid charges of plagiarism and failure to cite sources, clearly cite and credit these sources.
• Lecture notes and handouts are not sources – never cite them in your essay/bibliography
• Adopt the Oxford method of referencing: Richards, P Law of Contract (5th ed. Longman 2007) – author’s name, initial, title, edition, publisher, year
• Refer to a specific page thus: Richards, P Law of Contract (5th ed. Longman 2007), at page 259.
• Do not use textbooks, or articles, as primary sources: Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co, page 33 of Richards, Law of Contract is wrong!!
• Do not use and cite inappropriate and sub-degree texts, such as Nutshells.
• Adopt the Oxford method: Nobles, R and Schiff D, ‘The Right to Appeal and Workable Systems of Justice’ (2002) 65 (5) MLR 676 – author, title of article, year of publication, volume number, issue number, page at which the article starts.
• Refer to specific pages of the article as with Books above.
• Learn to use the relevant abbreviation for the journal: eg, MLR, LQR, OJLS
• Do not use the cataloguing system provided by search engines: Modern Law Review Vol 75, Issue No 3 (Summer) 666-690.
• Do not use and cite inappropriate websites – never cite wikipedia!!
• The website should not be cited as a substitute for the proper reference: cite the law report, article etc and then refer to the website in your bibliography, with the specific page of that website, together with the date you last accessed the site.
• You may cite a website as a source if that information is only available on that site.
• Case names should be highlighted, preferably in italics: Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co.
• The reference for the relevant law report should be given, preferably in a footnote:  1 QB 256.
• Extracts from judgments should refer to the page or paragraph number:  1 QB 256, Bowen LJ, at 265E.
• A newspaper report is acceptable if no law report reference is available: Potter v Scottish Ministers, The Times, 4 April 2007.
• The short title of the Act of Parliament should be given: ‘The Human Rights Act 1998 (hereafter the Act or the 1998 Act) was passed …’
• Specific sections should be cited: s.10 Human Rights Act 1998; s.1 for section; ss.1 and 2 for sections; s.1(2) for section and sub-section.
• If you cite an article from a treaty you can cite it as Art. 1, Article 1 or article 1.
• Provide the proper citation for secondary legislation: Prison Rules 1999 (SI 1999/728).
Latin words and phrases
• Put Latin words and phrases in italics – inter alia, volenti non fit injuria
• You may use Latin words when referring to previous references (op cit, ibid, supra etc) or you can simply say, see note 4, above or see note 10, below.
• Learn to use footnotes for references: ‘… in the case of Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co’.
• The superscript number should appear at the end of the particular piece of information or quotation, above, not at the start: ie, not Carlill…