|Question 7: If the payback period is two years, which application should be selected?|
|Payback period is the time by which cumulative cash flow=0 and the preferable application would be Application 1.|
|Year||cash flow(million/=)||Cumulativecash flow(millions/=)|
|Year||cash flow(million)||Cumulative cash flow(millions)|
|Paybackperiod of Application 1 is exactly 2years and that of Application 2 is 2-3 years hence we pick Application 1 because it is more near to zero.|
|note(this working is for both question 6 and 7)|
|Question 8: If the required rate of return is 15 percent, which application should be selected?|
|computation of net present value|
|Year||Cash flow(millions)||pvf at 15%||disco cashflow(millions)|
|Year||Cash flow(millions)||pvf at 15%||discocashflow(millions)|
|Question 9: If the selection criterion is IRR, which application should be selected?|
|Application 2 has the highest positive net present value of 0.01 as compared to Application 1 with value of 0.08 negative, hence we will select Application 1.|
Project 4 Step 3
Capital Budgeting *include Project 2 data
Another one of your responsibilities as CFO is to determine the suitability of new and current products. Your CEO has asked you to evaluate Android01. That task will require you to combine data from your production analysis from Project 2 with data from a consultant’s study that was done last year. Information provided by the consultant is as follows:
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- initial investment: $120 million composed of $50 million for the plant and $70 million net working capital (NWC)
- yearly expenses from year 1 to year 3: $30 million
- yearly revenues from year 1 to year 3: $0
- yearly expenses from year 4 to year 10: $55 million
- yearly expected revenues from year 4 to year 10: $95 million
- yearly expenses from year 11 to year 15: $60 million
- yearly expected revenues from year 11 to year 15: $105 million
- Revenues will vary between $80 million (minimum) and $105 million (maximum) for years 4 to 10, and between $90 million (minimum) and $110 million (maximum) for years 11 to 15.
This concludes the information provided by the consultant.
You also have the following information:
- The asset beta of the project is 1.5. The expected return to the market is 8 percent, and the market risk premium is 5 percent.
- Assume that both expenses and revenues for a year occur at the end of the year. NWC pays the bills during the year, but has to be replenished at the end of the year.
- Android01 is expected to cannibalize the sales of Processor01 while also reducing the variable costs for the production of Processor01. From years 4 to 10, revenues are expected to fall by $5M, whereas variable costs will go down by $1 million. Processor01 is to be phased out at the end of the 10th year.
- At the end of the 15th year, the plant will be scrapped for a salvage value of $10 million. NWC will be recovered.
Question 10: Calculate the expected cash flows from the Android01 project based on the information provided.
Question 11: Calculate the NPV for a required rate of return of 6.5 percent. Also calculate the IRR and the Payback Period.
Before starting your calculations, review the following materials on NPV, IRR and Payback Period.
Submit your Cash Flow Report and Calculations and be sure to show your calculations in Excel and provide a narrative analysis. Your narrative analysis should summarize the results of your analysis and make recommendations for the benefit of the company.
Project 2 Information
As the manager of the pension fund, you are frequently targeted by software companies peddling investment simulation software. You have finally narrowed down your choice to two applications. You need to analyze the options by calculating NPV, IRR and Payback Period based on their purchase price and savings to your company over time. Your staff has prepared a cash-flow table to help you. Year zero shows the purchase price of each application, and the figures listed for years 1-3 represent the savings to the company in successive years.
|Year||Application I||Application II|
|0 (today)||-$1.5 million||-$1 million|
|1||$0.8 million||$0.5 million|
|2||$0.7 million||$0.24 million|
|3||$0.3 million||$0.6 million|
You are considering three possible scenarios.
Question 7: If the payback period is two years, which application should be selected?
Question 8: If the required rate of return is 15 percent, which application should be selected?
Question 9: If the selection criterion is IRR, which application should be selected?
Respond to the questions 7, 8, and 9 above by submitting a single, integrated report that shows your supporting data and calculations. Finally, provide a recommendation and rationale for purchasing either Application I or Application II.